WHEN CALORIES AND CARDIO DONT CUT IT – BOOK SAMPLE

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Here are a few more paragraphs from my new book “When Calories and Cardio Don’t Cut It”  I have a few copies available  (hardback or paperback) and the presale is well underway, with the release date set as September 1

From chapter 2 which is all about fat, body shape, and fat patterning…

Fat is itself an organ, wherein hormones are created and stored. We have found at least 19 different hormones in fat. Too much body fat can create a diseased state. A great many health risks can be reduced by shedding excess weight. One example of this is estrogen. There are three types of estrogen. One type of estrogen is found in fat and the more fat you have the more of this estrogen you also have. One form of breast cancer is linked to this estrogen. When we have excess fat, we may be increasing our risk of this cancer because of the increased estrogen.

 

 

 

Section 4   BODY FAT IS A GOOD THING?

Fat is future energy; excess nutrients stored in adipose tissue, aka fat. We should be grateful that we store our energy as fat because it doesn’t hold on to too much water.

Carbohydrates are also fuel, and they can be stored in our muscle as glycogen. For every unit of glycogen, we hold on to two units of water. When we cut carbohydrates, we use up the glycogen. When the glycogen unit is gone there is nothing to hold the water units. Initially, on a low carb diet, this is the weight loss you see.

If we stored all our energy as carbohydrates, we would also hold a huge amount of water. A 165lb person with 20% body fat would weigh over 240lbs if that energy were stored as carbohydrates and not as fat.

Thankfully, there is a limit to how many carbohydrates can be stored in muscle.

 

Section 5   FAT FORMATION

To understand how to lose weight remember that triglycerides are how we store fat. Triglycerides are made up of three molecules of fatty acid with a backbone molecule of glycerol.

Triglycerides are made in adipose tissue, in the liver, and in lactating mammary glands when breastfeeding or immediately after childbirth. They are made by the liver and travel in the blood; they are stored in adipose tissue. Once in adipose tissue, we sit up and take notice because, as a fat cell holds more triglycerides, our body weight increases and body shape changes.

When we gain weight, we don’t necessarily gain fat cells, rather each cell increases in volume, more lipid is held in each cell. To lose weight we must reduce the volume of each cell.

The number of fat cells we have is established by the time we are young adults. If, during puberty, we increase that number then we face a significant challenge if we try to lose weight as an adult. If you have twice as many fat cells you have to reduce the volume of twice as many fat cells. It is one reason why childhood obesity is so terrifying.

It is worth noting here that the liver makes fat, but the liver does not like to store fat. ‘Fatty liver’ refers to a condition when the liver is so overworked it is forced to store fat. This is not meant to happen.

Sadly, we now hear of children with ‘fatty liver’ – an avoidable diseased state.

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